Historians and archeologists are trying to trace the ancient History of Hunza in the inscriptions carved on rocks near Ganish village. However, these inscriptions have zero clue regarding the local settlements and appear similar to a Guest Book for ancient travelers who traveled from Central Asia and China to India. The origin of the Burusho people as well as their language is a mystery which could never be solved.
In the historical accounts the neighborhood people relate their origin using the soldiers of Alexander the excellent (July 356 BC to June 10, 323 BC). It is known that in 326 B.C if the forces of Alexander the Great was on in the past and passed through Hunza, five in the soldiers becoming ill, lagged behind in Hunza. These soldiers made this valley their home. However, here it is also not known that before their arrival there was clearly any human settlement or otherwise not. If there is no human settlement inside the valley then, here you go not clear that from where these soldiers married? Additionally it is stated that Hunza was not inside the route of the soldiers of Alexander.
Based on another theory three (3) generals in Alexander’s army have married Persian women. The generals betrayed Alexander by providing the Persians his plans. When Alexander heard of the betrayal he sought to adopt revenge, however the generals, wives as well as a band of numerous soldiers fled. The valley of Hunza is assumed to possess been their valley of refuge due to its remote and secure location. Chances are that the Hunza valley was already sparsely inhabited when the Macedon generals arrived. Certainly these tough fighting warriors made quick work of slaughtering the original inhabitants of Hunza. Though this is purely speculation, it is highly probable. The desolate rocky valley could not have supported the Macedonians unless some farms was slowly built by others on the preceding centuries.
People also narrate the earlier settlers migrated in the valley either from central Asia or from Shigar. It is said that, once the Brusho were occupying major parts of the current day Northern Areas which was called Brushal but latter the invasion of Shins pushed those to Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Valleys. It is said that human settlement was began in Nagar valley from where people migrated to Hunza. If this is true there is great chance the people migrated this area through Shigar. Major tribes of Altit migrated Hunza from Hakhashal; an older settlement near Hopper Nagar.
Based on Biddulph , Brushu people conquered Hunza in 120 B.C. E, and after that they captured Shigar and Baltistan. The term “Brushal” comes from Brushu, which can be ancient name of Peshawar. In Tibetan history Hunza is named as Bruza as well as the people of the area were called Burushos. During 11th century A.D., the shins invaded the region and pushed Buroshos to Hunza and Yasin Valleys. In Hunza they settled Ganish, Altit and Baltit villages and up to 18th century the regional people were restricted within these 3 fortified villages. However, Dr Ahmed Hassan Dhani writes the people of Hunza proper fit in with Dard race in the Yashkun caste and also have nothing concerning the Huns.
In another account it is said that this White Huns – warrior tribes from Central Asia – conquered the Kabul Valley, the Indus valley and also the Northern Areas during the early 6th century A.D. They ruled through several local Shina and Burushiski kings called “Rajas”, who had been subordinate for the Hun Emperor. Additionally it is claimed that the ancient ancestors in the Hunzu Kuts were called Moghul. While rwlgfw from the Hunza valley, their leader Mughal Tithum, was injured when kicked by way of a horse along with to remain there in care of his most trusted men. After recovering he established the communities of Baltit, Altit and Ganish. However, today the Hunza people are from diversified background. People from central Asia, Baltistan, Diamer and lots of other locations migrated and settled in the valley.